Who eats your cheese?

As it walks past you, missing your foot by inches, you probably aren’t worried about what type of rodent you just encountered. Instead, you’re probably more concerned about coming out of the situation unscathed.

Although they may – quite rightly – elicit a similar response in you, rats and mice are two different species. Read on to learn more about rat versus mouse distinctions.

Appearance: sizes, ears, muzzle and tail

At first glance, rats and mice may look similar, but there are a few key differences. Although their size and weight depend on the type of species, rats are the larger rodents of the two.

Norway rats, or Norway rats, are larger, with their bodies measuring 7 to 10 inches (17.78 to 25.4 centimeters) and their tails adding 5 to 8 inches (12.7 to 20.32 centimeters). A black rat’s body and tail average about 14 inches (35.56 centimeters) long.

A house mouse is smaller, with a body and tail about 5.5 to 7.5 inches (13.97 to 19.05 centimeters). It’s easier to see the size difference between adult mice and adult rats; a younger rat can be the same size as an adult mouse.

Additionally, mice’s ears do not appear proportional to the rest of their bodies, unlike those of rats. Mice also have a more triangular snout, while rats’ snouts are less pointed.

They also share some similarities. Both have long, thin tails, although there is no hair on the tails of rats and there is some on those of mice. They can also be similar colors, including gray, white, and brown.

Distinct eating habits

Mice’s teeth are not as strong as rats’ teeth, which means you may be able to more easily prevent them from accessing food sources by placing items behind materials that house mice’s teeth cannot get into. not penetrate. You won’t have so much luck with a rat.

A rat’s diet includes more protein-rich foods like meat, but it will eat a variety of foods. Mice tend to eat grains, fruits and vegetables.

Similar habitats, different lifestyles

Rat species are more social than mice. Black rats tend to stay in buildings near water and on ships. In places with tropical climates, they nest in overhead locations, such as a tree or roof.

The Norway rat spends its time on the ground, particularly in sewers. Likewise, mice spend time on the ground.

Distinguish rat droppings from mouse droppings

Brown rat droppings are dark brown and appear tapered at each end. Meanwhile, the downward curve of the black rat. Mouse droppings are black and easy to confuse with rat or cockroach droppings. These rodents can produce 40 to 100 droppings per day; rats arrive with around 20 to 50 droppings per day.

Rodent droppings are dangerous and can transmit diseases and viruses like Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS). Deer mice can transmit respiratory disease.

Public health risks

Whether it’s a rat or a mouse, rodent infestations pose a threat to public safety. Seal any holes that allow them to enter your home (steel wool can be surprisingly helpful). Set traps to solve your mouse or rat problem, but keep in mind that mouse traps will not work on rats, so set the right type of trap.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends against glue traps. “These traps can scare rodents and cause them to urinate, which can increase the chance of getting sick,” according to the CDC.

In case of a more serious rodent infestation, you should seek help from a pest control service.

Original article: Rat or mouse identification: which one eats your cheese?

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